A taxable benefit in the form of a Van Benefit Charge (VBC) arises when an employee is provided with a company van and it is used for personal journeys.

This is a freeview 'At a glance' guide to Van Benefit Charges.

At a glance

There is a tax charge on the private use of an employer's van. The tax cost is calculated as the employee's rate of tax multiplied by the benefit for the year in question.












Van benefit











Van fuel benefit












Zero-emission vans

The van benefit charge exemption for zero-emission vans made a u-turn between April 2015 and April 2021.

From 6 April 2015, a reduction in the Van Benefit Charge (VBC) applies for zero-emission vans.

The VBC for zero-emission vans is a percentage of the full charge as follows:

Tax year % of van benefit charge
2015-16 20%
2016-17 20%
2017-18 20%
2018-19 40%
2019-20 60%
2020-21  80%
2021-22 Nil*
2022-23 Nil
2023-24 Nil

*  Finance Act 2021 provides for a nil VBC on zero-emission vans for 2021-22 onwards. 

For example:

The van benefit charge(VBC) for vehicles that have CO2 emissions is £3,490 in 2020-21.

The VBC for a zero-emission van for that year will be £2,792 (£3,490 @ 80%). That is a cost of £558 per year for an employee on basic rate tax. The Class 1A National Insurance Contributions cost to the employer will be £385.30 (£2,792 @ 13.8%).

What's new?

Autumn Statement 2022

On 17 November 2022, The Chancellor, Jeremy Hunt, delivered his 2022 Autumn Statement which announced that:

  • From 6 April 2023, the van fuel benefit charge and van benefit charge will increase in line with the Consumer Prices Index (CPI).
    • This was legislated in December 2022, via the Van Benefit and Car and Van Fuel Benefit Order 2022. 

See Autumn Statement: Motoring


Useful guides on this topic 

Would you like to know more and pick up some Top Tax Tips? Get your motor running with our guides to:

Vans and Commercial vehicles
What are the benefit charges? When do they apply? Can you reduce them? How are you taxed on van and van fuel benefit examples? How is the employer taxed? What are the tax benefits of a low emissions van? What is meant by private use? How are lorries taxed? What do the tax tribunals have to say on van benefits?

Car or Van: for VAT
What is a car for VAT? What is a van for VAT? What VAT can be recovered on a car that is bought? Leased? What about fuel? Or mileage reimbursements? 

Company Cars
Company car tax: How do you work out car benefit? How do you work out car fuel benefit? Are there savings for low emissions vehicles? How do you reduce car benefit? Cars and the tax tribunals and Top Tax Tips.

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